Report: Private Employee Lawsuits May Be Key to AB5 Enforcement

When it comes to enforcement of California’s AB5, the labor law intended to crack down on employee misclassification, private litigation may play a big role – particularly in the trucking sector. California employee misclassification

As our Los Angeles employee misclassification lawyers can explain, AB5 laid out very clear stipulations for who is an independent contractor versus who is an employee. This distinction matters because employees are entitled to a number of important benefits that independent contractors are not. These include things like minimum and overtime wages, meal and rest breaks, workers’ compensation coverage, and more.

For many years, employers have skirted their responsibilities to employees by improperly labeling them as “independent contractors” when in fact their duties and the degree of control exercised by the company more accurately denoted an employee-employer relationship. AB5 seeks to rectify this – but it’s not been without its controversies – particularly in the transportation sector. In previous legal challenges of the bill, the trucking industry had managed to avoid being lumped in with other companies where AB5 was concerned. However, that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling declining to hear an appeal on an appellate court ruling that paved the way for implementation of AB5 in the trucking sector.

FreightWaves reported recently on a TransForce webinar that examined a potential two-check system for trucking companies to be compliant with AB5: One that involves regulatory crackdowns directly from the California Division of Labor Enforcement Standards and the other that involves bottom-up enforcement in the form of private employment lawsuits filed under the state’s Private Attorney General Act. For those unfamiliar, this nearly 20-year-old statute gives employees the authority to sue their employers as a substitute for action by either a regulator or attorney general. In essence, private citizens are able to pursue the California employment law cases that neither the state’s attorney general nor regulators want to take up themselves.

Some in the trucking industry are speculating that it’s more likely than not going to be the private claims that dominate, given the Labor Commission’s historical reticence to spend a great deal of resources toward investigation of wage and hour violations.

What is the AB5’s ABC Test?

At its core, AB5 uses a three-point “ABC Test” to ascertain how an employee should be classified.

There is some nuance, but the basic breakdown is that a worker must meet all three of the following criteria in order to be classified as an independent contractor:

  • The individual is independent of the hiring organization in connection with performance of work – both under the contract for the performance of the work and in fact.
  • The worker performs work that is outside the hiring company’s business.
  • The worker routinely engages in an independently-established trade, occupation, or business that’s the same as what’s being performed or requested by the hiring entity.

Bear in mind that workers are going to be considered independent contractors unless they are proven to be otherwise. The onus is on the hiring organization to prove all workers meet the ABC test conditions and are properly designated as contractors.

Pursuing a Los Angeles Employment Lawsuit Under the Private Attorney General Act

Misclassification of workers can easily become a cause of action under the PAGA.

What’s more, these cases tend to trickle down into numerous other violations, such as overtime wage violations, missed rest or meal breaks, etc. In effect, the company ends up grappling with expensive, time-consuming litigation.

If you file an employment lawsuit under PAGA, expect that 75 percent of any award or settlement goes to the state. For this reason, it’s really important to discuss with an employment lawyer whether pursuing a case under PAGA makes the most sense for your situation.

Contact the employment attorneys at Nassiri Law Group, practicing in Newport Beach, Riverside and Los Angeles. Call 714-937-2020.

Additional Resources:

Private lawsuits may be crucial to enforcing AB5, labor attorney says, Aug. 2, 2022, By John Kingston,

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